ACE MVP Package Example

Chapter 1: The role and scope of practice for the personal trainer

This sample chapter is for the 5th edition of the textbook. Our study system has equivalent study materials for the 6th edition as well. 

Chapter 1 Assignments:


What are the percentages of the domains that the exam is broken up into?


What are the benefits that result from the 150 minutes of recommended moderate – intense activity per week?


A very useful tool used by the USDA is What is the purpose of this tool and how can you use it as a trainer? What can a personal trainer prescribe when it comes to diet and supplements in order to reach a fitness or health goal? What can a trainer do in the realm of nutrition?


What can a personal trainer do with rehabilitation?


What is the ACE Code of Ethics?


What is the Coalition for the registration of exercise professionals?


What does the future of personal training look like? Expected growth?


What is HIPAA? Its main purpose is…?


ACE suggests CEUs for personal trainers in order to continue education based on what three factors?


What potential referral sources exist for us?


How does ACE look at supplements and other nutrition concerns?


For personal trainers, what is appropriate and inappropriate in the scope of Practice?


To be a Certified ACE PT, are you required to have a two or four-year degree? How could a degree help a trainer further their career?


Define and discuss contraindications.

We include only the most important questions so that the huge ACE textbook does not completely overwhelm you.

Chapter 1 Assignment Answers:

Client interviews and assessments = 31%,  Program design and implementation = 33%,  Progressions and modifications = 19%, Professional conduct, safety, and risk management = 17%

Table 1-1
Health Benefits Associated with Regular Physical Activity in Children and Adolescents
-Improved cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness
-Improved bone health
-Improved cardiovascular and metabolic health biomarkers
-Favorable body composition
-Health Benefits Associated with Regular Physical Activity in Adults and Older Adults
-Lower risk of early death
-Lower risk of coronary heart disease
-Lower risk of Stroke
-Lower risk of high blood pressure
-Lower risk of adverse blood lipid profile
-Lower risk of type 2 diabetes
-Lower risk of metabolic syndrome
-Lower risk of colon cancer
-Lower risk of breast cancer
-Prevention of weight gain
-Weight loss, particularly when combined with reduced caloric intake
-Improved cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness
-Prevention of falls
-Reduced symptoms of depression
-Better cognitive function (older adults) is a tool offered by the USDA in order to help clients who are looking for a greater understanding of food choices and nutrition. Clients can utilize this website and see the recommended dietary guidelines. Dietary concerns are out of the scope of practice for personal trainers, and clients wanting more in this field should be referred to a registered dietician. The tool is the first step for clients starting to take care of their diets. A trainer should refer a client who is really wanting information. This referral is to a registered dietician, as that would be in their scope of practice. As a trainer, we can only provide general information regarding healthy eating. We use the MyPlate Food guidance system in order to obtain our information. Anything too specific is not within our scope of practice. When it comes to nutrition and supplements, we must refer clients to registered dietitians or a nutritionist for specific plans and supplements.

Personal trainers cannot take part in rehabilitation, as this would be a prime example of a limit made by the scope of practice. A lot of people believe trainers are simply allowed to do so, but really most trainers will be there to expand on someone’s rehab program if they are in contact with whoever does it. Rehabilitation is taken care of by other professionals, such as physical therapists. Trainers can only supply clients with an exercise program once they are cleared from their doctor/rehabilitator.

The Ace Code of Ethics governs the ethical and professional conduct of the ACE certified personal trainers when working with clients, the public, or other health and fitness professionals. Every person registering for the certification exam must agree to uphold these rules set by the code of ethics.

This is a not-for-profit 501c corporation made up of organizations offering NCCA accredited fitness certifications. These members are committed to advancing the profession of exercise and also earning recognition as health providers for practitioners that passed an exam accredited by the NCCA.

The US department of labor classifies personal trainers as the main profession in the industry. It is defined as work with single clients or small groups. The increases is equal to what we are seeing in other occupations, and this is due to many things like the number of baby boomers that would like to be healthy, growing concerns of obesity in childhood, a need for workers leaving the fitness space, and more young adults entering the fitness clubs.

HIPAA, or the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act addresses the disclosure and use of personal and protected information for clients. The main purpose of HIPAA is to maintain privacy and prevent violations of that privacy. The sharing of such information usually begins with the initial health history interview. HIPAA helps personal trainers maintain the confidentiality of their clients’ health information according to the rules that most other healthcare professionals must follow. Failure to uphold these rules could be detrimental for the client and their relationship with the trainer.

Ace recommends that personal trainers wishing to continue their education do so with three factors in mind. You are suggested to continue your education on the basis of what interests you in fitness and perhaps develop some specified knowledge of fitness niches. These specializations may have people view you as an expert in particular training types or certain populations. Now let’s get to the three typical types of continuing education. First, a degree (two or four year) in exercise science or a related field can be beneficial to someone getting ready to take a certification test, or to someone looking to expand their business. Second, additional fitness certifications can expand the knowledge of trainers and improve the marketability and skills of trainers. ACE offers many types of certifications that can help trainers. Lastly, the third way for trainers to continue education is through new areas of expertise within allied healthcare. These can include ways to expand the scope of practice for personal trainers. For example, you could become a registered dietician, thus expanding your skills and what you offer to your clients.

Potential sources for referrals are things like mind/body instructors, smoking cessation programs, aquatic exercise programs, support groups, and massage therapists.

Supplements are actually not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration in the united states, so there is no guarantee for their strength, purity, safety, and any effects. Most supplements lure people in with promises of quick fix results, and this partnered with it being a multimillion dollar business leads to many people believing supplements are needed. There is a huge liability risk for these companies if anything goes wrong with a member of a facility where they recommend these supplements. Trainers should give general advice on nutrition, but recommending specifics is where the problems could occur.

The scope of practice is the range of services that are found to be legal for professionals in their field. These are typically set by the certification companies and the guidelines need to be followed. Anything not mentioned within the certification is likely to get you in trouble due to it being outside what you are allowed to provide.

Examples of inappropriate actions for a personal trainer include things like:

Diagnosing a medical condition
Helping a client implement and understand a diet
Use exercise found in a physical therapy program
Provide deep tissue massage
Recommend medications
Examples of appropriate actions for a personal trainer include things like:

Implement a program to strengthen someone’s core

Help the client make healthier food choices using dietary guidelines on
Implement exercises to improve shoulder strength after a physical therapy program was completed
Teach foam rolling and stretching techniques to relieve tension in muscles

Having a degree in any field is not required. Even so, about 70% of ACE trainers do carry a degree in a health related/exercise science field. As we discussed within question 2, this is a form of continuing education. Degrees can help trainers as they move further into their chosen career path. It can help reach more advanced positions in the health field or elsewhere. And to reiterate, it can help to enforce a niche of fitness or being an expert in some specialized area.

Contraindications are situations in which drugs, procedure, or surgeries should not be done because it is possible that it harms the person. This applies to training and the use of exercises and people that may not be advised to do these specific movements.

You didn’t think we were going to leave you hanging without the answers, did you? Use these answers to double-check your own. Or, use them as a cram guide before the exam.

ACE Mnemonics

At first, mnemonics may seem like a strange way to study. But studies have shown time and time again that it is the best way to memorize information in a sequence. The goal is to make them as weird, controversial or gross as possible. Trust me, you are First Response might be “Ewwwww”, but you will never forget them. Practice what you learned in the fill in the blank section below.

Let’s practice one. What are the food groups on Myplate?

Food Group


      Audio Study Guide

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      Practice Exam Process

      We have 4 full 150 question ACE CPT practice exams. These exams have a 3-hour countdown timer to replicate what it feels like to take the real exam. You are shown which domain each question comes from. At the end of each exam you will see a breakdown of how you did in each of the four domains of study. This will help you refocus your studies on your weak areas. We have domain-specific quizzes to help you do this. Check the review results section to see the questions you got wrong. In the “review results” section you will be able to see all of the questions you got wrong as well as the correct answer and explanation.

      Coloring Book

      You will see up to 10 questions related to underactive and overactive muscles for specific postural assessments on the ACE exam. Our coloring book will be your savior for learning this section.

      Additional MVP study materials and features

      ACE Study Blueprint

      The study blueprint contains a 16-week study plan, an 8-week plan, a 4-week plan and a 2-week plan (AKA the cram plan). I help you decide which plan is right for you and show you exactly what to study (and how) for that time frame. This blueprint is essential if you are last second cramming and will give you the best chance to pass the exam.

      ACE Cheat Sheet

      The ACE CPT cheat sheet contains the most important information that you need to focus on right before the exam. This all fits on one sheet of paper and can be easily printed out and used the night before the test and as you are on your way to take it. This drastically helps with last-second retention of information.

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