Welcome to our Trainer Academy NASM Practice Test.

This NASM practice exam spans the six domains of NASM study.

Before starting the NASM CPT practice test, be sure to download our 14 step NASM exam preparation checklist to give you the best shot at passing your final NASM test.

If you want to reduce your NASM study time by over 50 percent, check out our premium NASM-CPT MVP Study Program.

How to use the free NASM practice test

You should start by doing a general studying plan for your NASM certification. You can use the NASM MVP personal trainer course offered by Trainer Academy for the best shot at passing. Once you’ve done an initial round of studying, take the full free NASM practice test, doing the best you can.

At the end, the exam will give you a breakdown of the NASM test questions you got right and wrong from each domain. This allows you to refine your study strategy to augment your weaker areas.

The practice questions mimic the real NASM exam. It effectively combines multiple practice quizzes into an entire exam for a total of 100 questions.

You can take unlimited practice tests right here on Trainer Academy, so we recommend you study and retake the exam until you hit NASM practice test success.

These free NASM practice exams beat out any of the other free NASM practice quizzes you can find online, so be sure to include it as an exercise for your NASM exam prep.

NASM Exam Eligibility Requirements

To take the NASM exam, you need to be at least 18 years old and hold a high school diploma or equivalent education level, such as a GED. If you are within 90 days of completion of this education level, you can still apply for the NASM exam.

However, you must meet the full personal trainer exam eligibility requirements before actually taking the exam.

You also need to be cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator certified (CPR/AED certified) before being eligible to sit for the NASM certification exam.

You’ll need to show your CPR certification card as part of the application process.

These are key requirements for all personal trainers who oversee exercise with their clients. In fact, every exercise professional needs the CPR/AED certification. Almost all personal trainer certifications require this as well.

NASM-CPT exam breakdown

The National Academy of Sports Medicine, or NASM, divides their personal trainer certification curriculum is into 6 distinct domains. The CPT test practice mimics this formula.

These domains tackle different topics someone learning how to become a personal trainer would need to master, ranging from exercise science to behavioral coaching.

After that, we’ll go in-depth into each domain, peeling the hood back so you can gain a proper understanding of NASM study focal points. One of our top tips is that every time you take practice tests you should always review the domain scores you get for the best development of your skills across all the knowledge areas.

Additionally, always review the answers to your sample questions and the provided explanations to ensure you know all factors for not only passing your test but succeeding in your career with minimal stress.

The best NASM practice tests always give students the opportunity to review each answer as part of their test prep.

After all, practice quizzes are far more useful if you can not only practice but also learn the content in the areas you might be weaker in. They are great for all types of learners, and are an important component of training courses for the NASM exam.

Drinking knowledge straight from the source is always best, and combining the information with the practice tests is the top combination to get a ton of experience conveniently packaged in your study plan. Reviews of your correct and incorrect answers are an absolute must.

It’s also great that you can take practice exams on the computer, unlike others on paper, which lets you really dive into the history of each attempt and assess what went wrong.

The NASM examination is pretty straightforward in terms of structure, but we would also like to give you some insight into the NASM test difficulty just so you know what you’re getting into.

For this, we will be looking at the NASM exam pass rate, giving you an edge on how to pass the NASM CPT certification exam.

Make sure to also look at our NASM study guide prior to reviewing the questions so you can pass them with ease without multiple attempts.

Domain 1

At 17% weighting, this domain rounds off the bottom 3. 

Here you will be tested on your scientific and theoretical knowledge of nutrition and human biology. It’s your responsibility as a trained fitness professional to understand the sciences behind the practical skillsets to help everyone succeed in fitness.

You’ll need to learn the body systems and human anatomy in addition to subjects like SMART goal development. This includes bone and muscle function,

A common colloquial idiom that goes “gains are made in the kitchen” is pretty much the premise for half this domain of the certification test.

We do feel NASM could have gone more in-depth with the methodology around nutritional coaching and less on just the theory side of things.

Other certs are also guilty of this like the ACSM personal trainer certification, but we still consider it essential to know about nutrition as a trainer.

In fact, we recommend an actual nutrition certification for anyone who wants to be able to speak to their clients about food or if you want to become a nutrition coach in the future. There is a NASM nutrition certification which will also give you some extra education credits you might consider.

In any case, for the present moment, your concern is what you’re challenged with within the actual NASM CPT test.

When it comes to nutrition, pay attention to concepts such as macro and micronutrients as well as supplements. This is key for weight loss, as no amount of cardio or weights can offset a bad diet, something every fitness professional should be keenly aware of.

The other half concerns human biology.

The focus is human biochemistry (energetics, metabolism, endocrine system, cardiorespiratory system) and human biomechanics (neurotransmission, kinesiology, and basic principles of biophysics).

Domain 2

The bottom of the top 3 domains in terms of weighting, assessment deals with topics and concepts around determining where your client is at, what they can or can’t do, and what it will take to achieve their goals.

Assessment is the crucial first step in dealing with a client and as such, is considered an important domain, and weighted accordingly.

This domain of the NASM online practice test covers a wide variety of assessment protocols and methodologies for the PAR-Q and other questionnaire formats as well as more hands-on approaches such as the various strength tests (overhead squat, push, pull, postural assessment, etc…)

You have the tools to nail this domain of your CPT practice exam, and ultimately, your real test!

All you will simply have to do is study and understand each assessment type, perhaps even try them out in real-world situations so you can match what the book says, with the skills you’re actually equipping.

This section is one place that NASM excels as compared to other certs. If you compare NASM vs ACE, for example, NASM come out on top.

Domain 3

The program design is the meat and potatoes of acing your personal trainer tests and eventually being a successful PT!

Hard training cannot overcome poor programming, so this section is definitely one to pay attention to. You do need to commit a fair bit to memory when preparing for the directives on the exam, but thankfully, in real life, you can always refer to the notes when planning your workouts and clients’ training procedures.

Whether you’re an in-person coach or a virtual online coach, your ability to create a structured plan of action that is both evidence-based and results-driven is your primary objective–it’s one of the major personal trainer responsibilities.

The two best PT certs for program design are NASM or NSCA, so learn all the gems this program has to offer.

In recognition of this, NASM has made program design the second most focused domain of the lot. In fact, it barely falls behind the number one spot.

This is therefore one you need to focus on.

One of the biggest aspects of program design, as it concerns NASM is the OPT model or optimal performance training.

This is the framework on which NASM delivers fitness, so it will be integrated into most program design questions.

A firm understanding of periodization will also count in your favor. 

Other areas of focus include:

  • Exercise principles (GAS, SAID, Overload, Variation)
  • Periodization methodologies (linear, undulating)
  • Overtraining
  • Current trends

Domain 4

This is the most prominent domain in the exam, but only by a single percentage. This is the section where you’ll learn exercise techniques and training methods to ensure your training practices give clients results and lead to a referral for more clients as well.

These skills fall well within the scope of creating excellent workouts and stellar personal training services and excelling in the fitness industry and field.

In this portion of the NASM study guide, you will assess your ability as a coach in real-time, real-world scenarios.

You will also be assessed on your knowledge and ability to identify and execute proper exercise protocols and forms of technique.

The aim is to optimize your ability to achieve results and achieve them safely.

Focus on all the main training methodologies such as SAQ, resistance, flexibility, balance, and core training. You’ll also get the lowdown on training arms, legs, and the needs and skills to address each location of the body.

You will also need to successfully categorize different exercises based on which training methodology they fall under, and understand different types of equipment and apparatus for exercise instruction.

Focus on the different training methodology charts, understand the modalities, and memorize a few exercises in each category.

Other points of focus include:

  • Cueing techniques (kinesthetic, visual, and auditory)
  • Exercise regression/progression
  • Spotting techniques

Domain 5

The next domain of your NASM personal trainer practice test free online, right here, right now, from smallest to biggest is Client Relations and Behavioral Coaching.

This encapsulates a concept many like to call “change psychology”.

That’s because as a health coach, your main goal is actually to inspire a change of habits and behaviors from ones that lead to negative health impacts, to those that lead to more positive outcomes.

This is achieved through successful and effective communication, which is why questions from this domain will test you mainly on the quality and methodology of communication as a PT.

Topics in this domain include best practices for listening such as active listening, providing support, as well as the quality and nature of feedback.

You will also be assessed on your ability to identify barriers to success towards client goals.

Behavioral coaching can be really effective for one-on-one coaching and for groups if you decide to become a fitness instructor.

We have a list of the top group fitness certifications if you want to add group coaching to your knowledge arsenal.

Domain 6

This domain holds the lowest weighting and is therefore the one you need to focus on the least.

Having said that, we do feel this domain is important for personal research and education as it covers the business and entrepreneurial fundamentals of personal training. You’ll learn about the advantages of starting your own fitness company versus working for a gym, each of which has pros and cons.

Essentially, as a qualified PT, you are a business person running a business if you work for yourself in this business. Gyms across the country do offer traditional W-2 employment, which can be helpful as you get your legs under you. You may also get the chance to run group classes if you are already employed.

But back to the exam, and how this domain relates. It’s quite a narrow assessment of the topic, and only really tests you on some broad-stroke basics of generating income as a PT.

Common concepts in this domain are the four P’s of marketing (product, price, place, and promotion) as well as effective sales strategies.

We wish NASM spent a little more time on business end of things.

There are one or two other certs that cover this, like if you compare ISSA vs NASM you see that ISSA gives you a few more tools than NASM in terms of business strategy.

If you want to learn how to be a successful online trainer, or just how to make money as a personal trainer you need a good plan.

NASM Exam Packages

Now that you’ve taken a whack at some of the NASM-CPT Test questions, let’s take a look at how the exam is actually structured so you know your way around.

NASM-CPT provides you with a 6 month enrollment period from the time you purchase the program to the time you’re required to take the test.

It’s available in 4 packages, each with a different pricing tier based on the quantity and depth of study material provided.

Sometimes life happens, and you may not quite be able to take the exam within the 6 months. If that’s the case, NASM allows you to extend your enrollment by an extra 3 months.

This does however come at an additional cost of $75.

Now let’s get to the actual exam itself.

The NASM Certified personal trainer exam consists of 120 multiple choice questions, of which you will need to land at least 70% to pass.

The final exam runs through most of the core concepts you will find in the course text.

These concepts are categorized according to the 6 domains of study you’ll have become familiar with during your free NASM practice exam, which consists of our excellent free NASM test questions that aid your professional development.

Take as many assessments as possible to ensure you are fully prepared.

Since this is the best of every of the free NASM practice tests for the NASM CPT, you need to take advantage of it.

NASM Exam Administration

The NASM CPT exam is 120 minutes long, which means you essentially have a minute to spend on each question on average to ensure you become a NASM CPT.

To take the exam, you must either register for a spot at a PSI testing facility. Simply search for the one most convenient for you, which would normally mean the center closest to you.

Here, you will take the exam in a room with other candidates, monitored by an exam proctor.

Your second option is to register for live remote proctoring. This is a new option that allows the NASM test to be taken completely online while still preserving the quality control of a real-world proctored exam.

This is done through your computer’s laptop which will be used to keep an eye on you through the duration of the exam.

Is the NASM CPT exam online?

The NASM exam is administered online via remote live proctoring if you opt to take the remote proctored version. You do have the option for in-person testing if you prefer. For the online NASM exam, you will have a live proctor monitoring you via webcam.

How many questions are on the NASM CPT exam?

The NASM exam consists of 120 questions which you have 2 hours to answer. This means you have 60 seconds, on average, to answer each question. This makes NASM among the most difficult CPT exams because of the tight time constraints.

NASM Test Difficulty

An important consideration with any test or exam is roughly how challenging it is to pass.

This article will work as not only a prep guide and prep material but also as a NASM test review.

As we’ve mentioned, NASM-CPT requires that you achieve a minimum grade of 70% in order to pass.

This seems to be a common standard across the board with most big-name certifying agencies.

The NASM personal trainer certification, however, is comparatively more difficult than most other CPT certifications like the ISSA CPT.

The main two domains that will test your skills and knowledge are of course the two most prominent domains, Program Design and Exercise Technique and Training Instruction.

These are designed to be challenging because the bulk of your activity as a professional fitness practitioner will involve these areas of focus.

In terms of how long it takes to become a personal trainer with NASM, it’s going to depend on your ability and time commitment. Studying could take one month, it could take four.

So is the NASM test hard? Let’s look at the pass rate to figure that out.

NASM Exam Pass Rate

Coming in with a pass rate of 64%, means that test takers are likely to pass, but also have a chance of failing.

NASM-CPT is a popular certification, so it must mean enough people pursue and pass it, there’s no reason you can’t be one of them.

All you need to do is prepare adequately of course. 

That means focusing your study engagements on the domain layout we’ve just indicated as well as making sure you tap into the best study material options.

NASM provides a neat selection of study packages as we have already mentioned.

But in order to guarantee success and optimize your odds, we suggest you go for a third-party suite of study materials such as what we offer here at Trainer Academy.

In the meantime, why not get acquainted with the NASM-CPT exam by trying out each domain’s most challenging questions, since nasm practice test questions are one of the best ways to prepare for the exam.

Don’t forget to download our 14 step NASM-CPT exam preparation checklist to ensure that you pass the test.

Common NASM Test Questions And Answers

To access the most difficult NASM practice questions, take the NASM practice test at the top of the page.

Which of the following best explains how good body composition is attained?

Achieving a good body composition involves a combination of regular physical activity, proper nutrition, and sufficient recovery, which is outlined by the National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM).

Which of the following acute training variable changes will increase training volume?

According to NASM, increasing the number of repetitions or sets in training is considered a change in training variables that will boost training volume.

What step height is used for the YMCA 3-minute step test?

For the YMCA 3-minute step test, NASM suggests using a step height of 12 inches.

Which body composition measurement utilizes calipers?

The National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) states that the caliper is used to measure the thickness of the skinfold in millimeters, which indicates the amount of fat (in mm) present in a particular area of the body.

In fitness, what do acute training variables determine?

In the realm of fitness, the specifics of each workout, such as the number of sets, reps, and rest intervals, are determined by what NASM refers to as training variables.

In fitness, what do acute training variables determine?
Acute variables include the number of sets, reps, and rest intervals.

What type of muscular assessment is the bench press test?

According to NASM, the bench press test is a type of assessment used to measure upper body strength.

Which of the following fitness and wellness professionals plans food and nutrition services?

When it comes to planning food and nutrition services, it is recognized by NASM that dietitians and nutritionists are the correct professionals.

Which acute training variable is the equipment, methods, or technique used to complete an activity?

NASM defines modality as a training variable that pertains to the equipment, methods, or techniques utilized during an activity.

Which weight training concept should be followed in order to develop muscular endurance?

To enhance endurance in weight training sessions, NASM suggests incorporating repetitions with lighter weights into your routine.

What is the first step when designing a personal fitness program?

As outlined by NASM, conducting an assessment of an individual’s fitness level and goals is the initial step when designing a personalized fitness program.

Which statement best describes your ability to choose sports and exercise programs?

When it comes to selecting sports and exercise programs, it’s important to consider goals, preferences, and physical capabilities. This ensures both safety and enjoyment for long-term commitment and success.

Which muscles are typically underactive in association with lower crossed syndrome?

In a condition known as lower crossed syndrome, certain muscles like the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and core stabilizers tend to be underactive. This can lead to imbalances in posture and movement.

Which muscles are underactive with lower crossed syndrome?
In lower crossed syndrome the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and core stabilizers are underactive.

The deep longitudinal subsystem includes which of the following muscle groups?

The deep longitudinal subsystem integrates muscles like the erector spinae, thoracolumbar fascia, sacrotuberous ligament, and biceps femoris. It helps in transmitting force during movement.

Which muscles are typically overactive in association with lower crossed syndrome?

In cases of lower crossed syndrome, the hip flexors (especially the rectus femoris) and lumbar extensors often become overactive. This has an impact on maintaining balance.

Which muscles are typically overactive in association with lower crossed syndrome?

In cases of lower crossed syndrome, the hip flexors and lumbar extensors often become overactive.

Scoliosis refers to deviations of the spine in which plane of motion?

Scoliosis refers to curvatures of the spine that occur in the frontal plane. It causes displacement of the vertebral column.

Which muscles are typically overactive when the feet turn out?

When feet turn outward, certain muscles like the gastrocnemius, soleus, and biceps femoris tend to be overactive. This affects foot alignment.

Which muscles are typically overactive when the feet turn out?

When feet turn outward, muscles like the gastrocnemius, soleus, and biceps femoris tend to be overactive.

Which of the following is the first step in a balance training progression?

To start a progression in balance training, it’s important to master postural control on a stable surface before moving on to more complex exercises.

Which of the following is the first step in a balance training progression?
In balance training, master postural control on a stable surface first.

Which muscles are typically underactive when the feet turn out?

In cases where feet turn outward in their positioning, it’s common for muscles, like the gastrocnemius and tibialis posterior, to be underactive. This affects walking patterns and stance.

Which muscles are typically underactive when the feet turn out?

Medial gastrocnemius, tibialis posterior, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus.

Which subtopic of psychology deals with how the environment affects exercise behavior?

Environmental psychology focuses on studying how individuals interact with their surroundings. It explores how environmental factors influence exercise choices and routines.

Kettlebells were first used in which setting?

Kettlebells were first introduced in Russia. Initially used as tools for weighing crops. Over time, they evolved into training equipment.

What population is the VT2 talk test appropriate for?

The VT2 talk test works best for people in the intermediate to advanced fitness levels, as it helps determine the point where talking during exercise becomes difficult.

What is a key mechanism involved in internal feedback?

Regarding internal feedback, proprioception plays a role in sensing the body’s position in space and making necessary adjustments to movements.

Which movement assessment utilizes weighted pulleys to assess a pushing movement?

During the movement assessment process, it is recommended to administer strength assessments and maximum strength tests at the end.

What tests should be performed last in the overall assessment flow?

During the overall assessment flow process, it is recommended to administer strength assessments maximum strength tests at the end.

How is fartlek training best described?

Fartlek training can be described as a combination of running and interval training, where runners vary their pace at intervals.

Which test provides the most personalized assessment of an individual’s true metabolic function?

For an evaluation of an individual’s true metabolic function, the Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) test is highly effective.

You have a client seeking weight loss. What range of sets is most appropriate for SAQ drills?

Clients aiming for weight loss are typically advised to incorporate 1-2 sets of Speed, Agility, and Quickness (SAQ) drills into their routine to boost metabolism without overtraining.

During the standing cable chest press, the resistance should be positioned to do what?

When performing the standing cable chest press exercise, it is important to align the resistance with the individual’s chest height for better biomechanics.

Horizontal adduction is most common during what type of movement?

During chest pressing movements, adduction is often involved where the arm moves across the chest.

The anterior oblique subsystem includes which of the following muscle groups?

The anterior oblique subsystem consists of components including oblique muscles, internal oblique muscles, adductor complex muscles, and contralateral anterior hip complex.

The anterior oblique subsystem includes which of the following muscle groups?

The anterior oblique subsystem includes muscles on opposing sides of the body.

What is the recommended number of SAQ sessions per week for weight-loss clients?

For individuals who want to lose weight, it is recommended to include 1-2 sessions of Speed, Agility, and Quickness (SAQ) training per week. This can help boost metabolism and promote fat loss.

Which regions of the spine demonstrate kyphotic curves?

The thoracic and sacral regions of the spine have curves known as kyphotic curves, which are characterized by a posterior convexity.

Most bodyweight training exercises are considered which type of movements?

Most exercises that use body weight are considered closed-chain movements. In these exercises, your limbs remain stationary against a surface.

The drawing-in maneuver increases activation of what muscle?

The drawing-in maneuver primarily activates the rectus abdominis muscle, which helps enhance stability in the core.

Which resistance training system is most appropriate for hypertensive clients?

Circuit training is a resistance training system for individuals with hypertension. It combines strength exercises while keeping rest intervals minimal.

What is the primary limiting factor for exercise in the client with PAD?

For individuals with Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), intermittent claudication or leg pain is typically the limitation of exercise.

Which of the following statements defines the chest skinfold location for men?

To measure chest thickness in men, you can locate it halfway between the axillary line and the nipple.

What are two contraindications for self-myofascial techniques?

There are two situations where self-myofascial techniques should be avoided: acute injury and recent surgery. These conditions can worsen with techniques.

What are two medical precautions for self-myofascial techniques?

When using self-myofascial techniques, certain medical precautions should be considered if you have osteoporosis or varicose veins. These conditions can be sensitive to pressure.

Which of the following is considered a superficial muscle of the core?

The rectus abdominis muscle is considered one of the superficial muscles of the core. It runs vertically along the front of your abdomen.

Which of the following is considered a superficial muscle of the core?

The rectus abdominis muscle is a superficial core muscle, among others.

What are the five kinetic chain checkpoints?

The five checkpoints for the kinetic chain consist of the foot and ankle, knee, lumbopelvic hip complex, shoulders, and head, and cervical spine.

What are the five kinetic chain checkpoints?

The five checkpoints are the foot/ankle, knee, lumbopelvic hip complex, shoulders, and head, and cervical spine.

Most exercises and motions of the body regularly occur in which plane of motion?

Most exercises and body movements primarily occur in the sagittal plane, which divides the body into left and right halves.

Which muscles are typically underactive with knee valgus during the single-leg squat?

When there is inward movement of the knee during a single-leg squat, it is common for the gluteus medius and vastus medialis oblique to be less active.

The intensity and direction of someone’s effort describes which of the following?

The term “magnitude” best describes the intensity and direction of someone’s effort in relation to their performance.

Which of the following tests is used to measure lateral speed and agility?

The Pro Shuttle (5-10-5) test is mainly used to assess speed and agility in individuals.

Which of the following statements describes the abdominal skinfold location?

To locate the measurement point accurately, measure approximately 2 centimeters to the right of the belly button vertically.

What is considered to be the mechanism of action with self-myofascial rolling?

Self-myofascial rolling stimulates the Golgi tendon organ, which helps relieve muscle tightness through inhibition.

What are the recommended training variables for dynamic stretching?

What are the recommended training variables for dynamic stretching? Duration, repetition, sets, frequency, intensity, tempo, rest.

The lengthening reaction is often seen with what type of flexibility technique?

The lengthening reaction technique commonly associated with inhibition occurs with static stretching methods.

Active and dynamic stretching utilizes which physiological action?

Active and dynamic stretching techniques take advantage of inhibition. This means that when one muscle contracts, its antagonist muscle relaxes.

Which type of assessment measures overall strength, stability, muscular endurance, and agility?

The Performance Assessment assesses aspects of fitness, including strength, stability, endurance, and agility. It provides insights into an individual’s functional fitness levels.

When properly activated, which muscle of the core creates tension in the thoracolumbar fascia?

When activated correctly, the transverse abdominis muscle creates tension in the thoracolumbar fascia, enhancing lumbar spine stability.

Improving frontside running mechanics is associated with which of the following?

Improving running mechanics is linked to optimizing both stride length and frequency, improving running efficiency.

Which of the following statements is true about proprietary blends?

Proprietary blends are formulations where specific ingredient amounts are not disclosed. Instead, only the total weight of the blend is provided.

What type of imagery occurs when a client imagines health-related outcomes?

Outcome imagery is when a client visualizes health-related outcomes while focusing on the potential benefits of making behavioral changes.

Why are proper frontside mechanics in sprinting important?

Having good frontside mechanics while sprinting is crucial for maximizing stride efficiency, reducing the risk of injuries, and enhancing forward propulsion.

Which of the following is an appropriate assessment for a senior client who is sedentary?

For a senior client, the Rockport Walk Test is a suitable assessment by measuring cardiovascular fitness through a timed one-mile walk.

Which term specifically describes motor function of muscles in the lower extremity?

The term “pedal” specifically pertains to motor functions involving muscles in the extremities. It highlights movements and control related to feet.

Individuals with low-back pain have decreased activation of which local muscle of the core?

Individuals experiencing low back pain often display reduced activation of the multifidus muscle – a local muscle responsible for spine stability.

What type of resistance training exercise best describes a kettlebell bottoms-up movement?

A kettlebell bottoms-up movement can be described as an instability resistance training exercise that challenges grip strength and forearm engagement while also activating core muscles.

Which of the following is the most highly progressed plyometric exercise?

The depth jump is considered to be the most advanced plyometric exercise. It involves dropping from a height and immediately jumping upon landing, requiring control of the nerves and muscles.

What does the acronym FITTE-VP, used to design aerobic (cardio) programs, represent?

FITTE VP is an acronym that stands for Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type, Enjoyment, Volume and Progression. It’s a framework commonly used in designing exercise programs.

What does the acronym FITTE-VP, used to design aerobic (cardio) programs, represent?
FITTE VP is an acronym that stands for Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type, Enjoyment, Volume and Progression.

Which regions of the spine demonstrate lordotic curves?

The spine naturally has curves, called curves in the cervical (neck) and lumbar (lower back) regions. These curves play a role in providing support and balance to the body.

In which population is Type 1 osteoporosis most prevalent?

Postmenopausal women are most commonly affected by Type 1 osteoporosis. This condition occurs when bone density decreases due to reduced levels of estrogen.

What is a characteristic of a Type II muscle fiber?

Type II muscle fibers are known as fast twitch fibers. They are larger in size tire quickly compared to types of muscle fibers and are primarily used during explosive movements.

How should the back be positioned when performing a bird dog exercise?

The bird dog exercise it’s important to maintain a neutral position in the back. This helps minimize stress on the spine while maximizing the engagement of the core muscles.

Which structures of the body does osteoporosis commonly affect?

Osteoporosis typically affects areas such as the spine, hips, and wrists. These specific areas become more susceptible to fractures when there is a decrease in bone density.

Which structures of the body does osteoporosis commonly affect?
Osteoporosis typically affects areas such as the spine, hips, and wrists.

Unrealistic goals can become a barrier when which of the following happens?

Unrealistic goals can become barriers when they demotivate or overwhelm individuals, making it difficult for them to adhere to fitness programs.

What is the general recommended rest between SAQ reps for beginner clients?

For beginner clients it is recommended that they rest for 30 to 60 seconds between SAQ reps (Speed Agility Quickness) to ensure recovery time.

The TRX rip trainer would most likely be utilized for which type of movement?

The TRX Rip Trainer is commonly utilized for movements that target core muscles and promote strength.

What is a safe flexibility modification that you can recommend to a client who has varicose veins?

If you have clients who have veins it’s best to avoid tissue massages. Instead suggest stretching and elevating the legs to improve blood circulation.

Strength-training machines provide training primarily in which planes of motion?

Strength training machines mainly focus on movements, in one direction limiting the ability to move in multiple planes of motion.

Initially, how many sets of SAQ drills are recommended for older adults?

For adults it is recommended to start with one set of SAQ drills. This approach promotes safety and recovery while allowing for adaptation.

Which of the following is a component of quickness training?

Reaction time is an aspect of training as it helps individuals respond quickly to stimuli.

Which of the following is considered a component of NEAT?

NEAT stands for Non-Exercise Activity Thermogenesis, which includes activities like walking, standing or even fidgeting.

What type of client is ideally suited for Stage 2 training around VT1?

Clients who are ready for stage 2 training around VT1 are those transitioning from light exercise to more intense workouts.

Which upper-body yoga stretch is considered controversial and may be a risk for injury?

The Plow Pose in yoga has generated some controversy due to its strain on the neck and spine if it is not executed properly. Only individuals experienced with flexibility who do not have previous neck and spine issues should attempt this pose under qualified supervision.

How many repetitions of each SAQ drill is appropriate for youth athletes?

When it comes to youth athletes performing SAQ drills they should aim for 1 to 4 repetitions while ensuring form and avoiding overexertion.

How often is it recommended to reassess clientele?

It is recommended to reassess clients every 4 to 6 weeks. This allows for progress tracking and adjustment of training plans if needed.

How much rest should be given between each repetition of an SAQ exercise for young athletes?

For young athletes, taking a rest period of 15 to 60 seconds between each SAQ repetition ensures adequate recovery.

What are three postural distortion patterns to look for in static postural assessments?

During assessments be on the lookout for signs of anterior pelvic tilt/lower crossed syndrome, pronation distortion syndrome and upper crossed syndrome.

What are three postural distortion patterns to look for in static postural assessments?
Anterior pelvic tilt/lower crossed syndrome, pronation distortion syndrome and upper crossed syndrome.

How heavy should the medicine ball be when performing the soccer throw exercise?

When performing the soccer throw exercise it is recommended to use a medicine ball that weighs between 4-8 lbs for youth and 6-10 lbs for adults. In general, be sure to use a medicine ball that weights no more than 10% of bodyweight.

What are the recommended training variables for active stretching?

Active stretching involves holding stretches for a duration of 1-2 seconds and repeating them for 5-10 repetitions.

What are the recommended training variables for self-myofascial rolling?

The recommended training variables for self-myofascial rolling are daily, comfortable pressure, 30 seconds to 2 minutes, and utilizing tools like foam rollers.

What are the recommended training variables for self-myofascial rolling?

The recommended training variables for self-myofascial rolling are daily, comfortable pressure, 30 seconds to 2 minutes, and utilizing tools like foam rollers.

How should the amortization phase of the stretch-shortening cycle be described?

During the stretch-shortening cycle the amortization phase serves as a transition time between the lengthening) and concentric (shortening) actions, where the muscle switches between each action.

Along with muscle protein synthesis, which of the following is an important function of protein?

On top of muscle protein synthesis, protein plays a role in enzyme function, hormone production and tissue repair.

Which of the following modality/exercise combinations provides the most demands on explosive power?

Weightlifting exercises such as the clean and jerk or snatch place significant demands on explosiveness and power.

What is the most appropriate SAQ program design for a beginner adult who is apparently healthy?

For beginner adults doing an SAQ program, include drills of low to moderate intensity that primarily focus on technique development and building skills.

Which of the following describes a benefit of high-intensity interval training (HIIT)?

High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) boosts the metabolic rate, burns calories, and improves health with shorter workout durations.

Repeat squat jumps are a progression for which of the following exercises?

Squat jumps are considered a foundational plyometric exercise. Repeat squat jumps are a more advanced, intense variation that incorporates explosive movements in rapid succession.

Which statement best describes the neurophysiological effect that occurs from myofascial rolling?

Myofascial rolling helps create muscle inhibitions by reducing neural activity in tight muscle areas. This can promote relaxation and enhance mobility.

Which statement best describes how the body adapts during prolonged bouts of exercise?

During prolonged periods of exercise, the body adapts by shifting from using carbohydrates for energy to relying on fat oxidation. This helps conserve glycogen stores. Additionally, systemic cardiovascular improvements occur, such as increased cardiac output and efficient utilization of oxygen.

What location on the body does NASM recommend for measuring the resting heart rate?

To accurately measure resting heart rate, it is recommended to assess at the radial artery, located on the thumb side of the wrist. This specific location provides a clear pulse reading and is easily accessible.

Which statement about a certified personal trainer’s scope of practice is accurate?

The main responsibility of a certified trainer is to create and implement exercise programs tailored to an individual’s goals and health status. However, they are not qualified to diagnose conditions, prescribe treatments, or provide nutrition-based therapy unless they are otherwise qualified.

Which of the following is true for elastic resistance bands as a modality?

Elastic resistance bands offer increasing resistance throughout the range of motion during exercises, providing an additional challenge compared to free weights that offer consistent resistance.

What should be the first step in a client’s program after the assessment?

After guiding a client through the initial assessment, the next step in their program is to set SMART goals based on the client’s overall motivation for beginning training.

What is a regression for the box jump-up with stabilization?

For the Box Jump Up with Stabilization, a suitable regression exercise would be the Box Step-Up with Stabilization.

Squat, push, pull, press, hip hinge, and multiplanar movement are all known as what?

The squat, push, pull, press, hip hinge, and multiplanar movements are exercises commonly known as “functional movement patterns.” These movements mimic daily activities and serve as foundational components for comprehensive strength and conditioning programs.

What is the first step in the 7-step process for applying nutrition programming principles?

When it comes to nutrition programming the first step in the 7-step process is gathering baseline information about the client. This involves understanding their eating habits, food preferences, health status, goals, and any potential challenges they may face.

What is the first step in the 7-step process for applying nutrition programming principles?
Gathering baseline information about the client

Social physique anxiety is more prevalent in which population?

Social physique anxiety refers to the fear of being judged by others based on one’s body. It is statistically more prevalent among women than men. Moreover, individuals in fitness or body-focused environments like gyms or performing arts tend to experience higher levels of social physique anxiety.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Are there any approved online CPR/AED courses?

To be accepted, your first responder certificates need to be hands-on or at least include a hands-on component. No online exclusive certificates will be accepted.

Are there any special allowances offered for the NASM-CPT exam?

Yes, NASM provides easy access accommodations in accordance with the Disabilities Act of 1990.

What are the NASM-approved First Aid and CPR/AED providers?

  • NASM recognizes the following providers:
  • American Heart Association
  • American Red Cross
  • American Safety and Health Institute
  • Emergency Care & Safety Institute
  • Emergency Medical Technician
  • St. John Ambulance

Does NASM-CPT have a practice exam?

Yes, there are several different CPT practice test iterations. Which ones you get and how many you’ll receive will depend on the package you purchase.

How do I receive my exam score?

Exam scores are not released directly by NASM but will be provided to you by the proctoring partner who was in charge of administering the exam.

Upon failing the exam, what is the retake policy, and when can I reschedule an exam appointment?

You can retest if you either failed or missed your exam appointment deadline. There is a $199 fee associated with retaking. Contact the Membership Service team for more details.

What is my Enrollment ID?

This is your unique student identification code used to access your enrollment, student portal, and membership. This ID is also necessary when it comes time to schedule your exam.

What is the cancellation and rescheduling process for the exam?

To cancel or reschedule, simply access your Measure account. Once here. Select “Exams”, where you’ll be able to cancel or transfer your exam booking.

How long does the NASM certification take, and what is the deadline for my NASM-CPT exam, if any?

The deadline for course completion, including examination, is 180 days from enrollment/purchase.

On the other hand, NASM recertification takes place every two years. You’ll need to complete 2.0 CEUs, verify current and valid CPR/AED certifications, and submit a $99 NASM recertification fee.

Where can I learn about the exam deadline?

Your exam expiration date can be located by following these steps:

  1. Log in to your NASM student portal
  2. Click on My Account followed by “Courses”.
  3. Find your “CPT Exam” enrollment in the course list and click the blue action icon (Play button).
  4. This will take you to the enrollment page, which displays your enrollment period.

What is the process behind extending my enrolment period?

Contact the membership service team for extension instructions; a fee of $75 is required upon approval.

What is the scheduling process for my CPT exam?

Upon receiving your Measure Registration email (typically 2-4 days after signing up to NASM), you will be able to book your exam.

Exams will need to be done at least 24 hours before the desired testing time in order to secure one of the NASM exam locations.

What steps are necessary if I miss my exam appointment?

Upon missing an appointment, you will need to contact the NASM Member Service Team in order to reinstate your eligibility. This will incur an additional fee.

When will my certificate be delivered upon passing?

Certifications are delivered to your registered email within 4 – 6 weeks of passing.

What is the scheduling process for my CPT exam?

Upon receiving your Measure Registration email (typically 2-4 days after signing up to NASM), you will be able to book your exam.

Exams will need to be done at least 24 hours before the desired testing time in order to secure one of the NASM exam locations.

What other study materials do you recommend for NASM?

It is important to get a good amount of NASM test practice for this exam. The material can be overwhelming when you don’t have previous exercise science knowledge going in.

To help, I would recommend our study programs with NASM flashcards, practice NASM tests, and as much other help with memorization of material.

It can also help to practice some fitness assessments with friends and family, as this is an important and unique part of the NASM material.

NASM Practice Test Conclusion

We recommend NASM as a top tier certification for exercise professionals with the potential to earn you a high personal trainer salary. It is one of the better NCCA personal trainer certs and certainly the most popular.

Trainer Academy has other study resources should you decide to pick another certification test. From our free practice test options to our premium study packages.

If you decide on the ACE personal trainer test, we have an ACE practice exam and an ACE study guide to ensure you pass your assessments with ease. These are superior to courses like iprep, since iprep and others charge you for everything and give no free value-adds.

For the NSCA CSCS there is a CSCS practice test and CSCS study guide.

We also have a NASM vs ACSM comparison as well as ACSM vs ACE and ISSA vs ACE, so you can find the right cert for you!


  1. Clark MA, Lucett SC, Mcgill E, Montel I, Sutton B. NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness Training. Burlington Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2018. https://www.amazon.com/NASM-Essentials-Personal-Fitness-Training/dp/1284160084
  2. ‌Ahmed S, Rashid M, Sarkar A, et al. Fitness Trainers’ Educational Qualification and Experience and Its Association with Their Trainees’ Musculoskeletal Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study. Sports. 2022;10(9):129. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/sports10090129
  3. ‌Payne A. Why Personal Training Certification is Necessary. blog.nasm.org. https://blog.nasm.org/certified-personal-trainer/why-personal-trainer-certification-is-important

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