Which personal trainer certification is best for you?

We created this essential quiz to help you choose the perfect certification for YOU based on your goals, learning style, and more.

Welcome to the Trainer Academy 2024 NCSF CPT review.

The National Council on Strength and Fitness certified personal trainer fitness certification is a top NCCA accredited personal trainer certification, even though it is less well known than some other certifications.

Based on our combined experience with over a dozen fitness certifications, we will break down the following:

  • Content covered or missing in NCSF PT
  • Quality of NCSF test prep materials
  • Ease of use of the NCSF study interface
  • Comparison with major competitors throughout the review

Knowing these topics gives you an overview of whether the NCSF CPT fits your current needs. 

We highly recommend that you take our helpful quiz to find the best personal trainer certification for you.

Let’s get into everything!

The NSCF textbook sitting on a laptop showing the NSCA CPT review from TA

NCSF CPT General Information

NCSF CPT General Information
7.4/10 Our Score
  • Exam cost: $299
  • Study material cost: $419-799
  • Prerequisites: High school diploma, CPR/AED
  • Exam passing score: 70%
  • Exam pass rate: 75% 
  • Average completion time: 3 – 6 months
  • NCCA accredited program
  • Lower cost than most other CPT certs
  • Solid textbook packed with all essential training knowledge
  • Outstanding e-learning portal for study materials
  • Lesser known brand
  • Lacking in behavioral coaching and business components of personal training
  • Package options are all too similar
Our Score
Exercise Science Foundations8
Behavioral Coaching4
Client Health Screening8
Movement Screening7
Resistance Training9
Special Population Training8
Aerobic Fitness Training8
Trainer Academy Guide
Trainer Academy Guide
  • Complete curriculum study preparation
  • Audio guide, flashcards, and mnemonics
  • 800+ practice questions
  • Highest exam pass rate
  • Exam pass refund guarantee
  • Cheaper pricing than NCSF materials
NCSF Materials
NCSF Materials
  • Curriculum study preparation
  • Video and written curriculum included
  • Textbook purchased separately
  • 200+ practice questions
  • No exam pass refund guarantee
  • $419.00 for starter package
Free NCSF Study Guide
Free NCSF Study Guide
  • Curriculum material overview
  • Complete chapter breakdowns
  • 60 practice questions
  • 130 flashcards and cheat sheet
  • Free from PTPioneer

Exclusive TA Offers

Most Popular Cert
3 Certs for 1
Great Option
Save 25%
Best Cert for you?
Get Free Trial
Good Option
50% off
Good Option
50% off
Good Option
50% off

Content covered in the NCSF PT

The NCSF personal training certification covers most of the topics needed for basic fitness training. It is also a top NCCA personal training certification.

Accreditation establishes that the certification you pick passes certain agreed upon standards. 

The study overview from the NCSF Hub has 8 full content units, a practice test, and an exercise library.

As shown on the NCSF website, the content units are as follows:

  1. Health and Physical Fitness
  2. Functional Anatomy and Training Instruction
  3. Exercise Physiology
  4. Screening, Evaluation, and Professional Practice
  5. Nutrition
  6. Weight Management
  7. Programming Considerations
  8. Considerations for Special Populations

The following discusses the strength and weaknesses of the topics covered in each section of the book/online course.

Health and Physical Fitness

The first unit of NCSF covers the general overview of the overall state of wellness, health, and the overall benefits of exercise.

The “Understanding Wellness” section in this unit does a good job of explaining the ‘evolved concept of wellness,’ which goes beyond the traditional framing of health as simply “healthy” or “unhealthy” based on generic risk factor criteria such as high blood pressure or diagnosed chronic disease.

Instead, the NCSF describes wellness as a combination of health in the following domains:

  • physical
  • mental
  • emotional
  • intellectual
  • social
  • environmental

The evolved concept of wellness is a groundbreaking approach to health and fitness.

This approach is groundbreaking relative to traditional medical approaches to health and is in line with most modern understandings of wellness.

This nuanced discussion of overall health places the NCSF at the forefront of most updated models for comprehensive approaches to fitness that look at the whole person as opposed to numbers on a chart.

By the end of this unit, you will be prepared to frame discussions of health and fitness in terms of comprehensive wellness as well as discussing chronic disease in medical terms.

This is a key skill for personal trainers, because people will often come to you with preconceived notions of what it means to be ‘healthy’ that lack the deeper understanding discussed in the NCSF.

Based on our experience with the different certifications, the NCSF discussions on these topics exceed the health and wellness overviews found in some of the other top health and fitness certifications.

Addressing the underlying framework for health and fitness sets the tone and purpose of the certification as a comprehensive system for improving the health and wellness of your clients.

From our perspective, this establishes the NCSF as a cutting-edge certificate course in terms of a comprehensive approach to fitness for everyone. For those wondering how to become a fitness trainer and what basic knowledge you need, NCSF provides most of it. 

From a budget standpoint this is also one of the cheapest personal training certifications if you just consider the price of the test, especially compared to something like the lowest ISSA certification cost.

NCSF remains a lesser known organization, but due to accreditation, it still holds respect in the fitness industry. 

Functional Anatomy and Training Instruction

The NCSF does an excellent job of covering functional anatomy training topics in an accessible and practical manner. This section includes basic skeletal and muscular anatomy and covers postural distortions and basic corrective solutions.

An open NCSF cpt textbook with a highlighter pen and some of the text highlighted

As a fitness trainer, most of your new clients will have one or several postural distortions that can compromise movement. These issues include the common kinetic chain issues that occur with flat feet, caving knees, arched or rounded lower back, and a forward head position and rounded upper back.

The NCSF book gives a good overview of these basic distortions. The detail is sufficient to put into practice, but not so overwhelming that it becomes difficult to study or exceeds your scope of practice as a fitness trainer.

The breakdown of the muscle names, locations, and functions is well structured for effective studying.


The muscles are divided into different groups based on the location in the body. Diagrams are included with arrows to the locations of the muscles, followed by a full list of the muscles contained in this area.

This approach is more practical for learning than reading long lists of muscles without additional grouping, which are often found in the anatomy section of other mainstream fitness certifications.


The NCSF contains only a small number of corrective exercise options.

One downside to this section is the somewhat low number of corrective exercises discussed in the curriculum.

The textbook contains about six total corrective exercises in the chapter itself, which is generally less-than-sufficient to properly address the movement distortions.

On the plus side, the main non-corrective resistance training exercises covered are broad in scope, and on their own provide you with enough variety to develop comprehensive programs for a range of goals.

Additionally, the exercise library at the end gives an excellent alphabetized list of the main exercises used in resistance training.

A click on this link here will give you access to the study materials.


Exercise Physiology

The exercise physiology section covers the three metabolic energy systems, cardiovascular physiology, and endocrine system.

Of these three things, the energy systems section is the most relevant when it comes to personal training skills, and this topic is covered in the most depth compared to the cardiovascular and endocrine systems.

An open NCSF cpt textbook with a highlighter pen and some of the text highlighted

This is a good thing in many ways, as often the cardiovascular and endocrine system chapters in fitness certifications far exceed the practical knowledge needed for actual training. This simply results in more memorization demand to pass the test without adding anything practical.

Nevertheless, you will still come out of this section with sufficient working knowledge of these topics should you need to explain the basics of the cardiovascular or endocrine systems to a curious client.

Screening, Evaluation, and Professional Practice

The screening, evaluation, and professional practice section covers the assessments fitness professionals use when initially meeting with a new or prospective client.

Looking at the unit 4 curriculum, these assessments include:

  • signing waivers and PAR-Q
  • resting assessments such as blood pressure and circumference measurements
  • goal setting
  • movement and performance assessments

The material covers enough assessments to create a profile for each client. However, the individual assessments are covered in less detail than you might find in corrective exercise or athletic performance-oriented certifications. If you want more coverage there, look at our NASM certification review.

The posture and movement assessments in NCSF include regular static posture observations and a few tests for flexibility such as the Thomas test and the active leg raise.


The main mobility assessment is the overhead squat test.

While these tests are certainly useful, in our experience, they are not completely sufficient for all possible mobility issues you might find.

In practice, you will often require additional tests to completely dial in the muscles responsible and the relevant corrective approaches.

In general, the corrective exercise component of the NCSF is the least complete in terms of client assessments and exercises to address these issues.

If you expect to work with clients that have significant postural issues, you will need additional knowledge.

For clients who have minimal or no corrective issues, the NCSF assessments will be generally sufficient to develop effective programs.

Nutrition and Supplementation

The nutrition and supplementation section of the NCSF certification matches or exceeds most comparable fitness certifications like NASM or ACE.

Nutrition and supplementation are split into two respective chapters and cover both topics in great depth.

The “Nutrition” chapter covers the breakdown of each macronutrient in great detail.

The macronutrient breakdown discusses the differences between different types of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, and their relevant implications for nutritional planning.

Similar breakdowns are included for micronutrients, which are an often glazed-over topic in the nutrition sections of fitness certifications.

Following each scientific nutrition topic breakdown, NCSF has a “practical insight” box that discusses how you can put the knowledge to use with your clients.

This is incredibly helpful when compared to other certification books that cover nutrition in-depth but give fewer practical insights or certifications that skim the surface of nutrition topics but do not go into any depth. In our experience, the scientific knowledge in training certifications is not always directly tied to practical training insights.

The specific practical insights in NCSF make the scientific information readily applicable from day one of your personal training career.

With over 50 information-packed pages in the nutrition section, you will have more than enough knowledge to help your clients make proper food choices for their goals within the personal trainer scope of practice.

If you decide to pursue a further nutrition coach job and increase your knowledge in that area of health and fitness, consider picking a nutrition certification in addition to your PT cert. Then you increase your pay by adding nutrition coach salary to PT income.

At Trainer Academy, we have an overview of the Precision Nutrition cost and the NASM Nutrition certification cost, if you’re comparing organizations to pick the most inexpensive option.

Back to NCSF! The NCSF ‘Exploring Dietary Supplements’ chapter is similarly detailed and covers the general overview of the supplement industry and its lack of regulation, which is key for discussing claims on supplement labels with your clients.

The chapter includes discussions of commonly used legal performance-enhancing supplements such as caffeine, creatine, and l-arginine.

Given the wide availability and consumption of over-the-counter supplements marketed for performance enhancement, this section is incredibly valuable for answering any supplement-related question.

The NCSF provides the citation to the actual studies performed on supplements so you can tell your clients which supplements have evidence supporting their use, and which supplements make unsupported or disproven claims.

With the massive growth and marketing coming from the supplement industry, the modern fitness professional must have this baseline knowledge to be adequately prepared so they can have answers to the questions their clients will inevitably ask.

To get detailed info about other certifying agencies that can help you improve your knowledge on Nutrition, click on the links below:

Exclusive TA Offers

Most Popular Cert
3 Certs for 1
Great Option
Save 25%
Best Cert for you?
Get Free Trial
Good Option
50% off
Good Option
50% off
Good Option
50% off

The chapter also includes an entire section dedicated to anabolic steroids and their potential to increase aspects of performance and discussion of the negative health consequences many steroid users experience.

The coverage of this topic is crucial to your ability to discuss steroid use with your clients.

This section is not designed for you to advise clients on how to use anabolic steroids, which are often illegal for over-the-counter use and require oversight by a medical doctor when used to treat specific health issues.

Depending on what type of clientele you train, you will at some point have a client ask you about your thoughts on steroid use.

If you train bodybuilders, strength athletes, or other athletic populations, you may acquire a client who has a history of using anabolic steroids or other similar performance-enhancing drugs.

Regardless of your personal views on these substances, you need to be able to explain to your clients the scientific reasons to avoid these substances, particularly when a client is considering their use or experiencing the harmful effects of steroid use.

Under no circumstances should you advise clients on how to administer or select performance-enhancing agents.

Weight Management

As a general population fitness trainer, a high percentage of your clients will come to you for weight loss and body composition goals.

In other fitness certifications, this topic is generally tied into the nutrition section and often paints a simplified or inadequate picture of the different causes of obesity beyond the simple fact of excess caloric intake.

NCSF dedicates an entire chapter towards weight management separate from the nutrition chapter.

A standout component is the discussion of the social and environmental factors that influence a client’s ability to maintain healthy body weight.


This aspect is key for addressing the deeper causes of obesity. While weight gain at its core is caused by excess calorie consumption, many factors affect the eating patterns that cause individual calorie consumption to exceed expenditure.

In a client’s mission to lose weight, sometimes they lose the bigger picture. 

If you want any hope of helping clients at a deeper level with their food choices and weight loss, you need to develop empathy and understanding of their individual circumstances, such as lack of access to nutrient-dense food, using food as a coping mechanism, and lack of knowledge regarding healthy food choices.


Exercise prescription is discussed towards the end of the material.

The programming section of the NCSF is detailed and covers the topics of overall program prescription for the following modalities:

  • flexibility
  • resistance
  • aerobic training

Overall, the NCSF does an excellent job of covering the fundamentals of designing training programs.

Once you work through the material, you will have complete knowledge to develop long-term programming progressions for your clients. The programming structure proposed is on par with the NASM OPT™ model and covers the topic in similar depth as other leading fitness certifications.

Training Considerations for Special Populations

Most current fitness certifications cover the basic considerations for training special populations. This is key if you plan to train youth, older adults, pregnant women, or individuals with chronic disease.

Compared with other certification programs from ACSM and ACE, the NCSF has a relatively sparse chapter on training special population clients. The main diseases covered are asthma, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

Healthy special population training includes brief sections on working with children, older adults, and pregnant women.

All of these topics are packed into a single 15-page chapter and are not covered with much depth beyond a brief overview of the disease and a small box detailing the general guidelines for the respective diseases.

Overall, the NCSF special populations training section is not sufficient if you plan to focus on training clients from these populations. Our NSCA CPT review covers how that cert has the most comprehensive info on that particular topic compared to other courses.

Should you choose to train these populations, you will need to supplement your knowledge with additional information beyond what is covered in the NCSF personal trainer curriculum.

Content Not Covered

While the NCSF has good coverage of most topics in the curriculum, there are two notably absent topics that are typically covered in personal training certifications.

The first is that there is no discussion of sports or exercise psychology beyond what is briefly touched upon in the goal setting and weight loss sections.

The psychology of behavioral change is a key part of the job description of a personal trainer who wants to deliver actual results, and these topics often have at least an entire chapter devoted to them in other mainstream certifications. Looking at ACSM vs ACE, both certs include this.

The second missing topic is a discussion of business skills needed to be a successful trainer. This includes a breakdown of fitness jobs and careers in the industry, determining income goals, as well as discussions of basic sales, marketing, and proper business practices.

Starting a personal training business requires some separate knowledge from just being a strength coach or weight management expert.

The absence of these topics is the NCSF’s greatest weakness compared to other personal training certifications.

Without a good grasp of basic psychology, coaching behavioral change can be difficult.

Additionally, business and sales skills are a huge component of achieving success as a trainer.

You could be the most educated and qualified trainer, but if you cannot convince a prospective client to purchase training with you, you will never have the chance to implement your actual training skills and make a good personal trainer salary.

Ultimately, every trainer aiming for success must devote continuing education towards mastering business and sales to ensure success for both themselves and their clients.

With this need in mind, the lack of coverage in NCSF does not necessarily discredit the value of the certification.

However, you need to be aware of the need to study psychology and business if you want to be successful making money as a personal trainer.

Study Materials

Assuming you purchase a study package from the NCSF, you will get a login to their curriculum portal which contains all the information grouped into eight units along with a final practice exam and exercise library.


The NCSF is well suited for home study.

The NCSF site is conveniently organized into study units.

You will also get access to the NCSF textbook PDF, which contains the same information in a traditional textbook format, including the citations for the various claims and topics discussed.

Each unit on the portal contains multiple lessons on the subtopics, which include a breakdown of the learning goals, a video lesson, notes, a practice quiz, and a link to the relevant chapter in the textbook.

Overall, the portal is fairly easy to navigate, and the modular lessons work well for self-paced studying.

Compared with only studying the textbook, the portal makes working through the material far more manageable for candidates.

One annoying aspect of the structure of the portal curriculum is that it does not correspond to the textbook.

Each lesson contains a link to the relevant chapter for that lesson, however, the eight units contain lessons that link to completely separate chapters for the relevant information compared to other lessons from the same unit.

This means that reading through the textbook chapters in order will not correspond with going through the study portal units in order, which can be frustrating for students who make detailed lesson notes. 

You will either have to read the textbook on its own entirely before starting the study portal or stick with the study portal order and read the recommended textbook reviews in each lesson, which will not be in order in terms of the textbook chapters.

This is a bit counterintuitive, and it would make more sense for the textbook to be in line with the portal modules in terms of utilizing both resources together.

The textbook information itself provides good depth on the topics and is available in both hardcopy and kindle.

The table of contents for the NCSF cpt textbook with study pens ready to note in the text

However, the overall page layout does have a less professional feel than the polished textbooks in other certifications, like NASM or ISSA.

For example, many images in the NCSF textbook are primarily stock images that add visual appeal but little informational use to the textbook.

Nevertheless, there are many useful highlighted tables and definitions that add visual appeal and useful information.


In terms of the overall material, the study portal stands out as well organized and structured into reasonable lessons.

The notes are helpful for a written reference to follow along with the video lessons.

The practice quizzes allow you to hammer in the knowledge covered in each lesson.

Finally, the link to the relevant textbook chapter lets you go into a little more depth on the material than what is covered in the notes.

There are additional third-party certifications such as Mometrix test preparation from Mometrix media LLC, but these tend to be overpriced for the value and we tend not to recommend these.

Also beware of any material claiming to have the secrets of the NCSF-CPT exam study guide, as these are also often overpriced for the value.

To ensure you achieve your goal of becoming a personal trainer without stress, Trainer Academy has done a whole lot of research and come up with premium study packages that are meant to reduce your study time by 50% and also give you a 99% pass rate.

Apart from this, you will discover that their study techniques such as the spaced repetition flashcards, mnemonics, and practice exams are all intended to help you learn and retain information that will be useful to you in the future.

The following links below will show you how the premium MVP packages from Trainer Academy works:

We also have some free coursework materials to get you started.

For the ACE fitness certification exam we have ACE study questions and an ACE personal trainer exam cheat sheet.

If you pick the NSCA CSCS exam there are CSCS practice tests and CSCS study materials. The cert is perfect for those wondering how to become a strength and conditioning coach.

Finally, if you decide on the NASM exam you can find our NASM exam questions or NASM flashcards to help beat the test!

Exclusive TA Offers

Most Popular Cert
3 Certs for 1
Great Option
Save 25%
Best Cert for you?
Get Free Trial
Good Option
50% off
Good Option
50% off
Good Option
50% off

Exam Difficulty

Our NCSF exam review finds that the exam is on par with other fitness certifications such as NASM, ACE, and NSCA CPT. If you struggle with test-taking, you may be well suited for remote test-taking rather than at a testing center. 

You need a 70 percent score to pass the NCSF CPT exam.

In our experience, if you can get through the practice quizzes with a passing score, you are more than prepared for the exam.

Nevertheless, do not expect to pass the exam without studying. The questions require you to have a good grasp of all the topics covered in the curriculum.

Overall, our NCSF certified trainers report the exam being easy and straightforward with adequate preparation. Taking practice test questions is a good way to prepare for the real NCSF test questions.

How long to become a personal trainer with NCSF will vary based on your study habits. There are no NCSF exam secrets test prep to shortcut your studying, but third-party materials such as our Trainer Academy study materials included in the NCSF study guide can increase your pass rate and make studying more effort-efficient. 

The Trainer Academy MVP NCSF study package contains a full wish list of all materials you could want for NCSF reviews before taking the exam.

Is NCSF worth it?

The NCSF CPT is worth it for trainers who want an exceptional curriculum and affordable NCCA accredited personal trainer certification. Overall, the NCSF is among the most reputable certification organizations in the fitness industry.

Pros and Cons of NCSF

The following is a summary of the pros and cons of NCSF.

Pros and Cons

The following are the overall pros and cons of the NCSF CPT certification.

What we liked:

  • Good coverage of holistic understandings of health and wellness
  • Adequate coverage of practical anatomy for personal training
  • Large library of exercises with videos and technique descriptions
  • Extremely in-depth nutrition and supplementation chapters
  • Comprehensive weight management chapter
  • Programming coverage sufficient for long-term goal progression
  • The online study portal is easy to navigate and well organized into individual lessons
  • Relatively straightforward test

What we didn’t like:

  • A limited number of posture and movement assessments
  • Limited corrective exercise programming
  • Lack of depth for training special populations
  • Little-to-no sport or behavioral psychology
  • No discussion of business practices, industry jobs, or sales (biggest weakness)
  • The textbook contains irrelevant stock images


The methodology we used to review the NCSF certification is as follows:

  • certified trainer’s review of topics covered and the depth of coverage
  • assessment of whether the topics covered prepare trainers for the job
  • observation of key topics or skills missing or under-examined in the curriculum
  • review of the provided study materials independent of content covered
  • discussion of exam difficulty
  • all topic review framed based on entry-level knowledge demand relative to other fitness certifications


How long does it take to become a CPT with the NCSF?

Since the NCSF CPT is self-study, it will depend on your daily study time and background knowledge.

With no background knowledge and studying an average of 4 hours per day, expect to spend 2 months preparing for the NCSF CPT.

Remember that the NCSF CPT has the same requirements as most other fitness certifications: you need your CPR/AED certification certificate, so plan an extra weekend to take that course if you’re not already certified. 

What does the NCSF stand for?

The NCSF stands for the National Council on Strength and Fitness and is an up-and-coming fitness industry agency in the world of exercise.

Is NCSF certification any good?

The NCSF certification is an excellent launch point for your career in the fitness industry and is becoming increasingly recognized by major gyms.

Is the NCSF exam hard?

The NCSF exam does require good preparation, but it is roughly as difficult as most other industry-leading certifications. Good strategies to employ include making a good study guide and taking a few practice tests to see how much you need to learn to pass the exam. 

How much does the CPT exam cost?

The NCSF CPT exam costs $299 if you do not purchase any study packages. In comparison, the ISSA base cost is $869, although with ISSA you do get comprehensive study materials.

Conclusion: NCSF Certification Review

The NCSF provides new trainers with enough hands-on skills to help clients improve their lives through exercise.

Trainers learn how to instruct exercise techniques to general fitness clients and plan long-term progressions for different health and fitness goals. 

The topics contained in NCSF are covered in sufficient depth to rival similar certifications and the study materials provided are useful and easy to navigate.

A few key topics found in other certifications are missing, and NCSF certified trainers will need to do outside learning of business skills and behavioral psychology. However, long-term success in the industry requires continued education regardless of which initial certification you choose.

We think this is a good choice compared to the others out there. 

Overall, an NCSF certified trainer will be prepared for their first day on the job and will be on track for long-term success in their future personal training provided they strive to make a commitment towards continued education.


  1. Melton DI, Katula JA, Mustian KM. The Current State of Personal Training: An Industry Perspective of Personal Trainers in a Small Southeast Community. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2008;22(3):883-889. doi: https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181660dab
  2. ‌Ahmed S, Rashid M, Sarkar A, et al. Fitness Trainers’ Educational Qualification and Experience and Its Association with Their Trainees’ Musculoskeletal Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study. Sports. 2022;10(9):129. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/sports10090129
  3. ‌Personal Trainer. www.ncsf.org. https://www.ncsf.org/personal-trainer/

Leave us a comment and we will reply ASAP

Trainer Academy - Staff of certified fitness experts

Trainer Academy

All Posts

The Trainer Academy Editorial Process

Here at Trainer Academy, we take pride in providing the most up-to-date and correct information. That is why we have a rigorous editorial process to fact-check and review all content on our site. We only provide up-to-date and accurate information that comes from relevant and trustworthy sources. If you would like to learn more, check out our editorial process here.

Which Certification is best for you?

See if our exam pass guarantee study system is right for you!


Try The CSCS MVP For Free 🤓

See if our exam pass guarantee study system is right for you!


Try The ACSM MVP For Free 🤓

See if our exam pass guarantee study system is right for you!


Try The ACE MVP For Free 🤓

See if our exam pass guarantee study system is right for you!


Try The NASM MVP For Free 🤓

See if our exam pass guarantee study system is right for you!


Try The ISSA MVP for free 🤓

Find out if our study system is right for you!


Try the NSCA MVP for free 🤓